A new report published by Transparency Market Research anticipates that the global calcined anthracite market will grow remarkably during 2018-2026 owing to the increasing demand from numerous end-use industries. Growing expansion of end-use industries in Asia Pacific will also impact the global growth of the global calcined anthracite market.
Anthracite, also known as hard coal, is a naturally occurring material. It is rich in carbon content and represents the highest level of non-metamorphic coalification. Anthracite coal forms as a result of compression of geologically preserved organic residue of primordial swamps, under the Earth’s crust. Anthracite coal finds numerous applications in foundries as a carbon raiser, refractory coating component, filler in rubber production, and pigments.
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Calcination process involves heating anthracite coal to high temperatures, in the presence of air or oxygen. Anthracite calcination is usually performed by two ways, viz. electrical calcination and gas calcination. Calcined anthracite is produced using electrically fired calcining furnace. The process involves heat treatment of high grade anthracite.
Electrically calcined anthracite is heated to temperatures as high as 2000°C, which results in the development of graphitic structure in the finished product. Gas calcined anthracite is the calcination of anthracite in a gas-fired furnace. Electrically calcined anthracite as well as gas calcined anthracite have low ash, sulfur, and moisture. Calcined anthracite is utilized in a number of applications including, the production of carbon paste electrode, cathode blocks for the aluminum industry, production of prebake electrodes, soderberg & tamping pastes, and as a smelting additive.
Gas calcined anthracite is used as a substitute for calcined petroleum coke and recarburizer in steel mills ladles, melting, holding, and blast furnaces. Anthracite mines are majorly found in Mexico, the U.S., Peru, South Africa, Ukraine, and Swaziland. Ukraine has large reserves of anthracite, with the mine capacity of around 15.5 million tons. Anthracite mines in Ukraine suffer from lack of investment and low efficiency. Low efficiency of these mines is likely to hamper the supply of anthracite, adversely impacting the overall production of calcined anthracite.
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